World Press Freedom Day 2021: History, Significance and Theme

Hailed because the fourth pillar of democracy, the press – its reporters, editors and photographers – have at all times risked their reputations and lives for the reality behind occasions.

Such duties require a level of freedom which is assured by the constitutions of democratic nations and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. To rejoice the forthcoming World Press Freedom Day on May 3, this yr, we check out its origin, which means and significance beneath.



It was within the yr 1993 when the United Nations General Assembly declared May 3 because the World Press Freedom Day. This declaration got here after a advice made in 1991 on the twenty-sixth General Conference session of UNESCO.

The declaration additionally got here because of 1991 Windhoek Declaration; a press release which was produced by African journalists about press freedom, introduced at a seminar held by UNESCO, which concluded on May 3.



The day is well known to make sure the safety and security of the press within the face of assaults towards its independence, to debate journalistic ethics and to rejoice journalists who gave their lives within the pursuit of reality.

There are ten nations – China, North Korea, Vietnam, Laos, Eritrea, Djibouti, Turkmenistan, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Iran and Cuba – the place press freedom is severely restricted. World Press Day remind us that many publications and their editors and reporters are sometimes prevented from doing their jobs, censored and banned. Many get imprisoned or killed even.



The theme for World Press Day 2021 is “Information as a Public Good.” It is particularly vital for the press, which offers with data on a world scale, to successfully use and disseminate it to the world citizenry whereas empowering journalists.

The three subjects to be highlighted at this yr’s World Press Freedom Day 2021 Global Conference, as per UNESCO are:

  • Steps to make sure the financial viability of stories media;
  • Mechanisms for guaranteeing transparency of Internet corporations;
  • Enhanced Media and Information Literacy (MIL) capacities that allow folks to acknowledge and worth, in addition to defend and demand, journalism as a significant a part of data as a public good.